Goat-Songs: The Real Meaning of Tragedy

tragedy (n.) Look up tragedy at Dictionary.comlate 14c., “play or other serious literary work with an unhappy ending,” from Old French tragedie (14c.), from Latin tragedia “a tragedy,” from Greek tragodia “a dramatic poem or play in formal language and having an unhappy resolution,” apparently literally “goat song,” from tragos “goat” + oide “song.” The connection may be via satyric drama, from which tragedy later developed, in which actors or singers were dressed in goatskins to represent satyrs. But many other theories have been made (including “singer who competes for a goat as a prize”), and even the “goat” connection is at times questioned. Meaning “any unhappy event, disaster” is from c.1500. – from the Online Etymology Dictionary

‘Tragedy’ originated in Greek theatre as the enactment of unhappy events which provoked audience ‘catharsis’ – literally, ‘cleansing’, ‘purgation’ – the ability to rid ourselves of pity or fear through witnessing the sufferings of others – a concept originating in Aristotle’s Poetics. In a classical sense it’s used to define creative empathy.

I am increasingly averse to the overuse of the word ‘tragedy’ in contemporary media, who apply it to everything from the accidental to the criminal – although I’m well aware that it has been used in this sense since the sixteenth century, when it became more generally applied to any events disastrous or fatal.  

All sad endings are not, however, ‘tragedies’ in the classical sense – to release responsibility for the preventable to some sense of fatalistic human failing seems to me childish and dangerous in our confused and confusing world.  


About hickson1

Art historian, professor, Italian Renaissance and Baroque specialist, Italophile
This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s